Moore, Thomas

(1779-1852)
   Poet, b. in Dublin, s. of a grocer and wine-merchant in a small way, was ed. at Trinity Coll., after which he went to London, and studied law at the Middle Temple, 1799. He took with him a translation of Anacreon, which appeared, dedicated to the Prince Regent, in 1800, was well received, and made a position for him. In the following year appeared Poems by Thomas Little. In 1803 he received the appointment of Admiralty Registrar at Bermuda, and after visiting the island and travelling in America, he committed his official duties to a deputy (an unfortunate step as it proved), and returned to England. The literary fruit of this journey was Epistles, Odes, and other Poems (1806). In 1807 M. found his true poetic vocation in his Irish-Melodies--the music being furnished by Sir John Stevenson, who adapted the national airs. The reception they met with was enthusiastic, and M. was carried at once to the height of his reputation. They continued to appear over a period of 25 years, and for each of the 130 songs he received 100 guineas. His charming singing of these airs, and his fascinating conversational and social powers made him sought after in the highest circles. In 1815 there appeared National Airs which, however, cannot be considered equal to the Melodies. After making various unsuccessful attempts at serious satire, he hit upon a vein for which his light and brilliant wit eminently qualified him--the satirical and pungent verses on men and topics of the day, afterwards coll. in The Twopenny Post Bag, in which the Prince Regent especially was mercilessly ridiculed, and about the same time appeared Fables for the Holy Alliance. In 1818 he produced the Fudge Family in Paris, written in that city, which then swarmed with "groups of ridiculous English." Lalla Rookh, with its gorgeous descriptions of Eastern scenes and manners, had appeared in the previous year with great applause. In 1818 the great misfortune of his life occurred through the dishonesty of his deputy in Bermuda, which involved him in a loss of £6000, and necessitated his going abroad. He travelled in Italy with Lord John Russell, and visited Byron. Thereafter he settled for a year or two in Paris, where he wrote The Loves of the Angels (1823). On the death of Byron his memoirs came into the hands of Moore, who, in the exercise of a discretion committed to him, destroyed them. He afterwards wrote a Life of Byron (1830), which gave rise to much criticism and controversy, and he also ed. his works. His last imaginative work was The Epicurean (1827). Thereafter he confined himself almost entirely to prose, and pub. Lives of Sheridan (1827), and Lord Edward Fitzgerald (1831). His last work, written in failing health, was a History of Ireland for Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopædia, which had little merit. Few poets have ever enjoyed greater popularity with the public, or the friendship of more men distinguished in all departments of life. This latter was largely owing to his brilliant social qualities, but his genuine and independent character had also a large share in it. He left behind him a mass of correspondence and autobiographical matter which he committed to his friend Lord John (afterwards Earl) Russell for publication. They appeared in 8 vols. (1852-56).
   Memoir, Journal, and Correspondence, by Lord John Russell (1856).

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Moore, Thomas — Moore, Thomas, einer der berühmtesten neueren Dichter Englands, Sohn eines Kaufmanns, geb. am 28. Mai 1780 zu Dublin, widmete sich der Jurisprudenz, und ward dem literarischen Publikum zuerst 1808 durch seine Uebersetzung des Anakreon bekannt,… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Moore,Thomas — Moore, Thomas. 1779 1852. Irish romantic poet. Many of his nostalgic and patriotic lyrics, such as “The Minstrel Boy,” were set to traditional Irish tunes. * * * …   Universalium

  • Moore, Thomas — • Poet and biographer, b. 28 May, 1779, at Dublin, Ireland; d. 26 February, 1852, at Devizes, England Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Moore, Thomas — (1779 1852)    Ireland s national poet was born in Dublin, the son of a grocer and wine merchant. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin, he studied law in London. Appointed admiralty registrar at Bermuda in 1803, he left his deputy in charge and… …   British and Irish poets

  • Moore, Thomas — born May 28, 1779, Dublin, Ire. died Feb. 25, 1852, Wiltshire, Eng. Irish poet, satirist, composer, and singer. Moore graduated from Trinity College and studied law in London, where he became a close friend of Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley …   Universalium

  • Moore, Thomas — ► (1779 1852) Poeta y músico irlandés. Autor de Melodías irlandesas (1807 34). * * * (28 may. 1779, Dublín, Irlanda–25 feb. 1852, Wiltshire, Inglaterra). Poeta, satírico, compositor y cantante irlandés. Se graduó en el Trinity College y estudió… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MOORE, THOMAS —    the Bard of Erin, born in Dublin, the son of a grocer, studied at Trinity College; went to London with a translation of Anacreon, which gained him favour and a valuable appointment in the Bermudas in 1803; fought a duel with Jeffrey in 1806,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Thomas Moore — (* 28. Mai 1779 in Dublin; † 25. Februar 1852 in Slopertone Cottage bei Bromham, Wiltshire, England) war ein irischer Dichter, Schriftsteller, Übersetzer und Balladen Sänger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Moore —     Thomas Moore     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Thomas Moore     Poet and biographer, b. 28 May, 1779, at Dublin, Ireland; d. 26 February, 1852, at Devizes, England. His father was a grocer till 1806 when he was appointed barrack master at Dublin …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Thomas Moore — Thomas Moore. Thomas Moore (Dublín, 28 de mayo de 1779 Sloperton, 25 de febrero de 1852) fue un poeta romántico irlandés, recordado sobre todo por la letra de The Last Rose of Summer. Nacido en la esquina de la calle Aungier en Dublín (Irlanda),… …   Wikipedia Español

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